Indigenous peoples of East Kalimantan is the tribe Dayak and Malay (Kutai, Tidung), the majority of them living in rural and border areas. Population growth in East Kalimantan, is characterized by a predominantly ethnic structure of migrants, so that indigenous peoples into a minority.
The entry of immigrants make the population growth in East Kalimantan, including one of the highest in Indonesia, which is about 5.8% per year. This is because the arrival of migrants from outside the province as a result of the "boom" exploitation of petroleum and forests. According to statistics of 1996, the population reached 2,599,165 people in East Kalimantan. Groups of migrants who entered East Kalimantan, most came from East Java (35%), and South Sulawesi (25.2%), South Kalimantan (11.8%) and Central Java (11.9%). There are also migrants in small quantities from the East Nusa Tenggara, Bali, Maluku and North Sumatra.
East Kalimantan capital of Samarinda, the extent of 211,440 km2 (approximately 28% of Borneo), located between 1130 44 '- 1190 00' east longitude and 40 24 'north latitude and 20 25' latitude south, with the boundaries of the north with the state of Sabah (East Malaysia), while on the west by Central Kalimantan, West Kalimantan and Sarawak (East Malaysia). On the east by the Makasar Strait and Sulawesi Sea, while to the south by South Kalimantan
Administratively, the province of East Kalimantan is divided into 2 municipalities (Samarinda and Balikpapan), 4 District (Bulungan, Pasir, Berau, Kutai) 2 cities (Tarakan and Bontang). Based on the characteristics of the region, East Kalimantan consists of 72 sub-district, 1087 villages were divided into three regions. First, the coastal region with an area 73 215 km2 and consists of 433 villages. Second, rural areas with a total area of 85,325 km2, has 472 villages. Third, the border region with an area of 52,900 km2, has 182 villages with an average population of each village is less than 40 families.
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